Racism deserve to be questioned as a pain of the Amerideserve to society that is reflected in music, art, and also literary works bereason of the people’s need for expressing their feelings on racial oppression and also discrimicountry. In this context, jazz as a music style that began to construct in the 1920s ended up being the the majority of racially colored musical activity in the United States. In 1929, Fats Waller and also Andy Razaf composed the song “(What Did I Do to Be So) Babsence and Blue” like the reflection of their existential pain associated through the problem of racism.

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The song was percreated in the most ironical manner in the Broadway present “Hot Chocolates.” However before, the song came to be a jazz traditional after the performance of Louis Armstrong, that paid even more attention to concentrating on the deep eactivities and also soreness of the blacks covert in this song. In this context, it is crucial to answer the question of why Armstrong’s variant of “(What Did I Do to Be So) Black and Blue” is commonly disputed as the declaration of the trouble of racism in the USA.

The too much popularity of the song among the babsence populace have the right to be explained via recommendations to the truth that Armsolid adjusted the original lyrics to accentuate the social meaning of the complace and elaborated the sound; still, the uniqueness of the song perdeveloped by Armsolid is in his ability to tell the social and individual story of racism in musical terms.

The song was composed by Fats Waller for “Hot Chocolates,” and this song was initially perdeveloped by Edith Wilchild. It is necessary to state that the song was written in order to entertain the public of the present and also to make the audience laugh at the fate of blacks. Dutch Schultz, the sponsor of the display, expected to hear the humorous lyrics that can demonstrate the feelings of miserable blacks.

That is why Andy Razaf determined to focus on representing the personal feelings of the dark-skinned woguy who suffered significantly because of being alone in the world of blacks. The comic words were sustained via sorrowful tunes, and also the combination of various moods really made the public laugh. However before, the song gained a brand-new interpretation once it was understood and tape-recorded by Louis Armsolid.

It is essential to state that Armsolid was among the the majority of talented trumpeters of the disputed musical era, and his songs attracted the attention of the wide public. As a result, Armstrong’s variant of the song’s words made a far-reaching resonance among the white and also Afrideserve to Amerideserve to audiences. The words proposed by Louis Armstrong variant affected each African American bereason the musician presented the difficulty as regarded all blacks’ hopes and also sufferings.

In his lyrics, Razaf focused on the comic story of the Afrideserve to Amerihave the right to girl who felt loneliness because of being black, and also the writer straight concentrated on the difficulty of intra-racial prejudice bereason it was the matter for pointing out in the white elite circles. Thus, Edith Wilboy sang in the show about the personal pain of the black woguy who stated, “Browns and also yellers, all have fellers, / Gentleguys choose them light, / Wish I might fade, can’t make the grade, / Nothing however dark days insight”.


However, Armstrong chose to remove that verse, and he emphasized the general idea of racial discrimicountry, making it familiar to each black in Amerihave the right to culture. When the verse around the woman’s feelings was rerelocated, the primary focus was brought on the feelings of the black perboy that suffers substantially from racial isolation. From this point, the words of the song were not connected with the gender element anymore. Thus, Armstrong sang, “I’m white, inside / But that don’t help my instance / Cause I, Can’t hide / What is in my challenge.”

It is possible to state that the words in Armstrong’s variant of the song come to be socially colorful and acute because of the author’s emphasis on the pain and also despair of each African Amerihave the right to in the racially segregated society.

More bitterness was felt with the emphasis on humorous words about the empty home wbelow tright here was not also a computer mouse to acagency a babsence male. Hence, Armstrong’s variation of the lyrics deserve to be debated as effective and touching bereason it makes the audience understand the significance of the debated difficulty for the whole culture and each person.

However, the uniqueness of Armstrong’s performance is in his usage of trumpet solos in many kind of compositions. Armstrong’s strategy to integrating solos in the songs made a significant influence on jazz music in the 1920s. Jazz was a specific musical phenomenon that originated from the sounds and ideologies of ragtime and also blues. Improvisation came to be the characteristic attribute of this music style, and also Louis Armsolid included significantly to the development of the jazz sound throughout the 1920s-1930s because of his masterly trumpet solos.

When Armstrong made a decision to fancy “(What Did I Do to Be So) Babsence and Blue,” he also changed the initial verse in the song with the exceptional and also sad trumpet solos that could illustrate the depth of suffering of blacks in the USA.

It seems that Armstrong’s trumpet cries along with any type of black womale or male who feels lonely and oppressed in the people of whites. Armsolid additionally readjusted the musical pattern of the song while focusing on the recitative vocal style that added the distinctive acuteness and also depth to the song whose duty was to talk about the socially problematic issue.

While concentrating on “(What Did I Do to Be So) Babsence and also Blue” in the conmessage of its social definition, it is crucial to state that the song became an efficient attempt to discuss the trouble of racism in the Amerideserve to society made by the perchild that was respected by both whites and also blacks. Hence, Louis Armstrong was not only the talented trumpeter and also soloist, however he was additionally the perchild with an active social position. His principles concerning the difficulty of racism were listened to by the authorities and also by the public.


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From this perspective, Armstrong’s variant of “(What Did I Do to Be So) Babsence and Blue” have the right to be discussed as the loud announcement of the problem of racism in American society. Armstrong can be heard by the wide audience even in spite of the reality that movie critics frequently stated that Armstrong was mainly functioning for the white elite of Amerideserve to society. Still, it is crucial to note that the song became the statement of blacks’ requirements and desires in the Amerihave the right to culture expressed by Louis Armsolid.

Louis Armstrong’s variant of “(What Did I Do to Be So) Black and also Blue” have the right to be disputed as a sensation in the world of jazz music in the 1920s bereason it was not only the perfect musical complace but additionally the socially crucial statement concerned the difficulty of racism in the Amerihave the right to culture. Armstrong’s interpretation of the song originally written by Fats Waller and also Andy Razaf for the Broadmethod present is the reflection of the pain typical for the whole race living in the USA.

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The comic song perdeveloped by the famed trumpeter came to be an ironical illustration of the painful problem of discrimination in American society. Referring to Armstrong’s improvised sound of the song, it is feasible to state that the song demonstrates the distinct bitterness of the blacks’ fate in the USA throughout the 1920s.